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THIS JOURNAL WILL "TELL IT LIKE IT IS" REGARDING DIFFERENT FORMS OF ENERGY AND THEIR GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS/PROBLEMS

INDIA’S “JAITAPUR” NUCLEAR PLANT PLACED ON-HOLD DUE TO PUBLIC OPPOSITION

24 Nov 2011
INDIA’S STATE RUN “NUCLEAR POWER CORP. LTD (NPCIL)” said on 23 Nov 2011, that it would postpone its decision to build a planned 9,900 mega-watt (Mw) Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Jaitapur, located on the western coast of India, at Madban village of Ratnagiri District  in Maharashtra.  NPCIL, and its French partner Areva, have recently reached an impasse on the project.  Opposition to the huge NPP Jaitapur  project began on 04 Dec 2010, when protests became violent, resulting in over 1,500 people detained, a few injuries and one death, from among thousands of protesters, who included environmentalists, and local villagers;  Opposition to the project is ongoing on various levels. Environmental poisoning, and geological issues have been raised.  Currently, popular opposition has been exacerbated by the aftermath of the Fukushima Dai No.1 triple meltdown.

FRENCH DESIGNED “AREVA” –  “GEN III+ NPP” CONTEMPLATED FOR JAITAPUR. NPCIL Technical Director S.A. Bhardwaj told reporters at an industry event held by “India Energy Forum”: “We are hopeful that Areva experts will submit the report on Jaitapur in Dec 2011 and so, talks will begin in Jan 2012…We will discuss technical and commercial aspects of the project”  France is also reviewing all the NPP joint ventures its companies are engaged in;   On February 4, 2009 a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between NPCIL and Areva regarding long-term ? supply of the first twin set of “European Pressurized Reactors (EPR)s’. The Areva EPR reactor will be the first of the “Gen III+ reactors” ever built in the world. They are generically referred to as: Economical, Simplified Boiling Water Reactors (ESBWR)s;  These normally incorporate modular architecture and construction, should be more economical and faster(to assemble), plus more reliable, and safer, because they incorporate passive cooling systems, and as bonus require much less cooling water.  NPP PROPONENTS ALWAYS PROMISE THE BEST, BUT DO NOT ALWAYS DELIVER. WE MUST REMEMBER FRANCE HAS YET TO BUILD/LICENCE A GEN III+ ESBWR.      

INDIA’S NPCIL HAS AN AGGRESSIVE NPP PLAN TO BE A POWER HUB by building and commissioning 20,000Mw capacity by 2020 and 63,000Mw by 2032 to make India an “NPP power hub” for both domestic and international players. Few state-run companies such as IOC, NTPC and Nalco have inked joint venture partnerships with NPCIL to invest in nuclear power generation.

NPCIL CURRENTLY GENERATES 4,780Mw WITH NPPs. NPCIL Technical Director S.A. Bhardwaj said it is setting up additional capacity of 5,300 Mw; Out of this, 2,000Mw now at Kudankulam NPP is nearing completion (wa’na bet ?), and the rest will be commissioned by 2016. Currently, NPCIL has nuclear fuel demand of 450 tons of uranium every year to run its power stations in six(6) different states and is also in talks with ONGC for investing in nuclear power project. The state-run enterprise has long term contracts to source uranium from Russia (2,000 tons), Kazakhstan (2,100 tons) and other mines operated by Areva (300 tons)  State-owned India “Oil and Natural Gas Corp” (ONGC) plans to take up to 49 % stake in one of the five proposed nuclear power plants of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd (NPCIL). “We are in discussions with NPCIL for incorporating a joint venture for setting up a nuclear power plant”.  NPCIL will have a minimum of 51 % stake in the joint venture while ONGC would have a maximum of 49 %” a company official said. The joint venture would build, own and operate nuclear power plants for energy generation at mutually agreed locations. It would be managed by a Board of Directors made up of nominees from both companies.

Thanks to : Siddhartha P Saikia, 23 Nov 2011, New Delhi
And re-written and expanded for clarity to Western readers.

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MY TAKE…

This article is a follow-up to: INDIA – A NEW COLONY OF RUSSIA? ITS THIRST FOR ENERGY COULD MAKE IT SO – PART 2; Dated 21 Nov 2011,  Published here, and in larger text at: http://forums.mysanantonio.com/forums/ub…n_Pl#Post169424

NPCIL WANTS TO BE A BIG “JOINT VENTURE” NPP UTILITIES CORP;  If it could, it  would like to set up five(5) ‘Nuclear energy parks’, each with a total capacity of up to 10,000MW at a single location. The sites identified for these energy parks are 1. Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu, 2. Jaitapur in Maharashtra, 3. Mithi Virdi in Gujarat, 4. Kowada in Andhra Pradesh, and 5. Haripur in West Bengal, all with imported(French or Russian) reactors. The Chairman of the company would be selected among NPCIL Directors.  FROM WHERE I STAND, THEIR PLANS ARE ASKEW ALREADY in kundankulam  KKNPP.  Big talk for big plans!

FOR THE “JAITAPUR NPP PROJECT”, French  AREVA and  NPCIL signed an agreement for about $9.3 billion, with a provision for AREVA to provide India with Nuclear fuel for 25 years. NPCIL, Technical Director Bhardwaj added, “as our demand increases with commissioning of new plants, we would renew our fuel supply contracts, and tie-up new sources”…This is a general framework agreement, along with agreement on “Protection of Confidentiality of Technical Data and Information Relating to Nuclear Power Corporation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy” was also signed.  No details were given regarding technical and logistical support issues; That, is always a problem! The rate paying public is never privy to their corporate “understandings”.  Even when such understandings and undisclosed agreements impinge on National sovereignty and independence! QUESTION IS:  WHAT DOES “GOVERNMENT SPONSORED” MEAN ?  ONE HOPES IT MEANS “GOVERNMENT LICENSED TO OPERATE”, AND SUBJECT TO REVOCATION, SUSPENSION, OR CANCELLATION. 

It will be interesting to see what happens to the $9.3 Billion “agreement” Who looses & who gains?

I SAY AGAIN, TODAY NPP OPERATIONAL SAFETY IS NO LONGER THE MAIN ISSUE. The real problem is the huge worldwide accumulation of “Spent Fuel”(Transuranics) – highly toxic nuclear waste with very long decay rates, and NO PLACE TO SAFELY STORE THEM FOR ETERNITY. That problem has multiplied all over the world with  every new NPP to aggravate the problem.

IT SEEMS TO ME THAT DESPITE SOME PROTEST INCIDENTS, THE INDIAN DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT IS ACTING IN A “RESPONSIVE AND RESPONSIBLE” WAY TOWARDS THEIR ELECTORATE.  POLITICIANS FIND THEMSELVES IN THE VORTEX OF A VERY RAPIDLY CHANGING WORLD – WHERE ENERGY IS CRUCIAL.

gonzedo

 

November 24, 2011 at 12:31 AM Comments (3)

INDIA – A NEW COLONY OF RUSSIA? ITS THIRST FOR ENERGY COULD MAKE IT SO – PART 2

21 Nov 2011

FUKUSHIMA-LIKE INCIDENT “NOT CONCEIVABLE” HERE, so says a 15 member “Central Experts Panel”(The Panel) which constitutes the “Center to interact with the local people in and around the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project(KKNPP)”, has released its findings regarding design safety aspects of the Kudankulam NPPs, during a  presentation before the Nominees ? of the State government, and the concerned Tirunelvely local representatives, at the office of the Tirunelveli Collectorate on 18 Nov 2011. The Panel has concluded that a Fukushima-type accident, is not conceivable at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (NPP).  The 39 page text of the presentation was released to the media on 19 Nov 2011.

IN RESPONSE TO CONCERNS OF RESIDENTS The Panel referred to the reports of concerns/apprehensions among the local residents on the safety of the plant in the wake of the Fukushima Dai No.1 incident in Japan on 12 Mar 2011. The Panel noted that preparatory work for an off-site emergency exercise(a safety requirement per the regulations of the Indian Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) prior to loading nuclear fuel, seemed to have further aggravated the concerns /apprehensions of the local, and nearby people. The Panel report stated:

CAUSE OF FUKUSHIMA’S FAILURES. A spokesman for The Panel, said that the root cause of the accident at Fukushima was complete loss of power supply to units 1 to 4 as a result of flooding at the site caused by the tsunami. While units 1, 2 and 3 were shut down automatically (unit 4 was already in shutdown state, but with its fuel unloaded in the Spent Fuel Pool). The cooling of their core could not be maintained in the absence of power supply, resulting in three reactor meltdowns.

TSUNAMI RULED-OUT AS A CONCERN The Panel examined the design of the KKNPP in this respect and found “all safety related structures, systems and components of KKNPP are located well above the maximum flooding that can cover the site from all possible causes including tsunami; therefore, a total loss of power supply at KKNPP, was not possible”.

ISSUES /CONCERNS ADDRESSED BY THE PANEL REPORT:

1. The global trend on the use of nuclear energy for power generation (everybody else is doing it, (WAS – IS MORE LIKE IT!)

2. Safety features of the KKNPP,

3. Environmental impact assessment has been done in all plants in the country, and it is safe.

4. Local employment opportunities (to “sweeten the pot for local people)

5. Nuclear waste management. A KEY ISSUE WITHOUT AN ANSWER 

6. Tsunami warning systems available, emergency preparedness.

7. Noise pollution.

8. PASSIVE HEAT REMOVAL AT THE KKNPP was provided which  could effectively cool a reactor under the condition of “total loss of electric power” – NOT LIKELY

FIVE(5) MAIN CONCERNS WERE NOT ADDRESSED by The Panel. Five(5) issues mentioned in the memorandum submitted by two Official Representatives of the protesting Tirunelvely region people (where the Kundankulam NPPs are) at the previous meeting on 08 Nov 2011, were not addressed by the report; they are:

1. Terms of the Inter-governmental agreement between Russia and India

2. impact on bilateral relations between Indian and Russian governments

3. Russian versus Indian liability in the event of NPP malfunction or worse.

4. Nuclear Suppliers Group-related issues.

5. Possibility of the intention to set-up a nuclear weapon facility at the Kudankulam NPP

EVIDENTLY THE POWERS OF “B” ARE ALL SATISFIED: They have been for nearly 10 years right up to the highest Indian governmental levels; After Fukushima however, they find themselves defending their policies to the people India;  Accordingly,  The Panel “hung their hat” on the Indian Atomic Energy Review Board, which supposedly gave an in-depth review of the KKNPP.  The “commissioning program” was also progressively reviewed by the board.  That is the final AERB o.k. to “go critical” – UGH!

Note: Above article was printed by:

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article2642959.ece

And re-written for clarity to Western readers.

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MY TAKE…

This article is a follow-up to: INDIA – A NEW COLONY OF RUSSIA? ITS THIRST FOR ENERGY COULD MAKE IT SO. –  Dated 21 Oct 2011  Published here.

SUPPOSEDLY THE INDIAN AERBs (Indian Version of the American NRC) gave the issue an extensive review which supposedly provided assurance of the ROBUSTNESS of the DESIGN SAFETY, and construction of KKNPP. (THOSE ARE CAREFULLY CHOSEN WORDS USED BY ALL NPP PROPONENTS…UNTIL THE STUFF HITS THE FAN!); Then, they say: “who could have imagined that ? !” – THAT IS A PROBLEM!  

ANOTHER PROBLEM IS NPP BUILDERS LIE A LOT!, and there is no reason to believe Russia is different.  I have had NPP proponents lie to me in public, and tell fiction, rather than truth to assuage the innocent public (Here, in San Antonio, Texas-USA, we stopped them cold in 2010). They will stop at nothing to get a “piece of the pie” (Billion of money).  Thus is their corrupt and corrupting influence.  When confronted with specific concerns/issues (as they were at Tirunelvely) they give “non-answers”( non-sequitur) as if unfazed.

NO RESPONSE GIVEN TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. To the concern/chagrin of the Indian Central Government, the people of Tirunelvely, and many others all over India, are also concerned with “intellectual property rights”; Rightly so, these are the key to “Follow-on Procurement” of spare parts and Refueling of the power plants for life (40 to 60 years); As such, they are the key to long term satisfaction, and denote honesty in negotiation; THOSE COUNTRIES NOT WILLING TO GRANT THEM, HAVE LONG TERM AMBITIONS TO GET YOU BY THE PARTS! You know what I mean, don‘t you? DO YOU THINK RUSSIA WILL GRANT THEM FREELY?  I don’t think so. 

PASSIVE REACTOR COOLING SYSTEMS – A LIE ?  Since the Fukushima triple NPP meltdowns, NPP  proponents try to defend their plants, and plans for new ones, by talking about futuristic, supposedly new/great passive cooling systems; However, that is mostly propaganda aimed at selling the un-sellable to a now knowledgeable public. In the case of Kundankulum, Russian NPPs designed about 10 years ago(or more) are highly unlikely to incorporate “passive cooling systems”. Such futuristic systems are a selling point for Gen III+ reactors;  However, to my knowledge these are not yet in use anywhere in the world. “We are go’ana” incorporate them is not good enough! Check them out!

TODAY, NPP OPERATIONAL SAFETY IS NO LONGER THE MAIN ISSUE. The real problem is the huge worldwide accumulation of “Spent Fuel”(Transuranics) – highly toxic nuclear waste with very long decay rates, and NO PLACE TO SAFELY STORE THEM FOR ETERNITY.  Kundankulum(and every other NPP) in the world will only serve to aggravate the problem.  Again no answers provided by The Panel.

gonzedo

 

November 21, 2011 at 12:36 AM Comments (38)

PAKISTAN PLANS TO PURCHASE TWO NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS FROM CHINA

15 Nov 2011

AS A PILOT PROJECT WITH CHINA Pakistan has planned to purchase two(2) Nuclear Power Plants(NPPs) with a combined capacity of 2,000 megawatts (Mw) from China, which will be utilized for setting up Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Kanupp-2 and Kanupp-3 NPPs

PAKISTAN HAS PLANS TO ADD 8,800 Megawats (Mw) with NPPs by 2030 according to a “Pakistan Energy Security Action Plan”. The import of NPPs should lead to electricity generation at cheaper rates compared to the thermal source and contribute to abating the current electrical power shortage. About a month ago(Oct 2011), power shortages reached their peak at around 8,000 to 8,500 Mw, forcing long hours of outages across the country. The power outages disrupted industrial activity, and diminished economic growth of the country (2.4 % last fiscal year).

PAKISTAN AND CHINA CONSIDERING OTHER JOINT NPP PROJECTS. According to The Express Tribune, China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) and the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission are likely to enter into an agreement to conduct a joint-study to finalize design modifications which would enable Pakistan to acquire two(2) nuclear power plants, each having power generation capacity of 1,000 Mw. After completion of this project, a contract for establishing Kanupp-2 and Kanupp-3 would be negotiated.  The Pakistani Planning Commission says CNNC may be asked to grant intellectual property rights for the existing 1,000 Mw plant, and suggest steps which could help Pakistan avoid violation of property rights.

CHINA HAS THREE(3) STATE-OWNED CORPORATIONS, licensed to own and operate nuclear power plants: 1. China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC),  2. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Company (CGNPC) and, 3. China Power Investment Corporation (CPIC).

CHINESE FIRM CGNPC currently operates four(4) NPPs generating 3,758 Mw in China, and is also involved in the construction of 16 other projects, with a total generating capacity of 25,000Mw. The company’s focus has been on “three-loop”(very modern cooling design) – 1,000 Mw Nuclear Power Plants.

PAKISTAN WANTS COMPETITIVE CONTRACTS The Pakistani Planning Commission has  inquired whether PAEC had approached all three(3) nuclear power plant developers to ensure fair competition in awarding the NPP contracts; “Moreover comparison of intellectual property rights of other nuclear power plant vendors may also be brought out,” the Planning Commission said.

Thanks to The Express Tribune, 11 Nov 2011, Islamabad Pakistan.

SO THE STORY GOES…

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BACKGROUND

PAKISTAN IS A VERY OLD CIVILIZATION  “The Indus Valley civilization”, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. The political separation in 1947 of British India into the “Muslim state of Pakistan” (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. India and Pakistan fought two wars (1947-48 and 1965) – over the disputed Kashmir territory.  They have outstanding metal craftsmen (old fashioned kind) who are the envy of the world, and an unemployment rate below 8%.

PAKISTANI PEOPLE TODAY

1. Races: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%

2. Religion: Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%

3. Population: 188 million (2011)

4. Languages:  Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8% (NINE LANGUAGES- A REAL PROBLEM.)

5. Literacy Rate: Male: 63% , Female: 36% (SURPRISING – GIVEN NINE LANGUAGES).

6. Physicians: Less than one per 1,000 population & General Life expectancy: about 65 years.

7. Potable Water availability: Urban: 95% of population – Rural: 87% (Very Good!)

8. Fossil Fuels availability:  Extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal.

GEOGRAPHICALLY: Pakistan is located between the “rock and the hard place”: Afghanistan to its N.W., India to its S.E., China to its North. The River Hindus “runs through it” (north to south). It has three important ports in the south into the Arabian Sea – Karachi is one of them.

PAKISTAN HAS NUKES – To the concern of its neighbors and world, they have both nukes (thermo-nuclear devices), and delivery means.  These are supposedly zealously guarded by its Military.

CIA Data source:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html

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MY TAKE ON THE STORY

One has to recognize that some countries have harbored Nuclear Power Plant ambitions for many years.  Many had even viewed “going Nuclear” as the road to modernity and true economic progress.  THEN ON 12 MARCH 2011, FUKUSHIMA BLEW UP ON THE FACE OF JAPAN, AND THE WORLD.  THE DAI No.1 TRAGEDY AFTERMATH HAS CHANGED EVERYTHING!!, and made the world keenly aware of NPPs inherent creation of highly toxic “Transuranics”, with extremely long decay life, and nowhere to store them.  Witness Japan today! People must now daily “tip-toe through the tulips” of radiation, with their back to the sea.  A hell of a price to pay!

NOW CHINA WANS TO HELP PAKISTAN BUILD NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS, WHEN IN CHINA ITSELF, SUCH INITIATIVES ARE MOSTLY “ON HOLD” BY GOVERNMENT ORDER.  PAKISTAN IS FOLLOWING A PLANNED APPROACH OVER THE NEXT 30 YEARS.

PAKISTAN WANTS COMPETITIVE CONTRACTS The Pakistani Planning Commission has  inquired whether PAEC had approached all three(3) nuclear power plant developers to ensure fair competition in awarding the NPP contracts; “Moreover comparison of intellectual property rights of other nuclear power plant vendors may also be brought out,” the Planning Commission said.

Aha!  – HAPPY TO SEE! Pakistan is proceeding cautiously, and with all due concern for such vital aspects of Governmental buying anything as COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENT. This almost always lowers the asking price by at least 25% (my experience).  That is the reason “sole-source contracts” are awarded by corrupt government officials everywhere.

Aha! – Pakistanis are also concerned with “intellectual property rights”; Rightly so, these are the key to “Follow-on Procurement” of spare parts and Refueling of the power plants for life (40 to 60 years).  As such “intellectual property rights” are the key to long term satisfaction, and denote honesty in negotiation.  THOSE COUNTRIES NOT WILLING TO GRANT THEM, HAVE LONG TERM AMBITION TO GET YOU BY THE PARTS!   You know what I mean, don‘t you?  PAKISTAN IS FOLLOWING A GOOD PLAN – SUCH AS IT IS.  OTHER NATIONS CONSIDERING NUCLEAR SHOULD FOLLOW SUIT.

WILL CHINA ACCEPT ? We will see!  I think not.  That is where you find out who your friends are.  Truth be told, most Nuclear purveyors are just after the money – Lots of it!, now and for the next 60 years.

 PAKISTAN HAS UNDEVELOPED NATURAL GAS RESOURCES; Pakistan is no doubt among many nations not knowing where to look for safe, abundant energy.  In my view, they might do better to develop their Nat Gas resources.  Many other countries of the world are doing so because Nat Gas burns much cleaner than Coal.  One hopes this will give our world the time it needs to develop our “green energy” as best can.

gonzedo

 

November 15, 2011 at 1:07 AM Comments (23)

BELGIUM READY TO ABANDON NUCLEAR POWER ? – NOT LIKELY!

08 NOV 2011
BELGIUM PLANS TO REACH A “CONDITIONAL AGREEMENT”  to join the list of countries abandoning nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima DaiNo.1 tragedy, and has announced it will aim for a two-step phase-out approach, closing its oldest reactors by 2015 and the remainder by 2025 – if it can find alternatives to replace its reactors.   Belgium has seven(7) reactors at two(2) nuclear power stations, at DOEL the north and TIHANGE in the south: They are operated by Electrabel, which is part of GDF-Suez. – GDF Suez S.A. is a French multinational energy company which operates in the fields of electricity generation and distribution, natural gas, and renewable energy.

BELGIUM SETTING-UP A NEW COALITION GOVERNMENT (ABOUT TIME), and the nuclear plan shutdown will be on its agenda.  According to an unnamed Belgian government official: “There is a confirmation that the plants will close, and nuclear will become a transition energy in Belgium…The government will set out a plan for the move to alternative power sources in the six months following its installation…the 2015 and 2025 dates would be ‘flexible’ as the new government talks with energy companies and investors and implements plans to make the energy market more competitive…Also on the new government’s agenda,  would be a higher nuclear tax, which would be slapped on nuclear power producers. The proceeds would reportedly be spent on renewable energy sources in the North Sea”  Belgium (about the size of Texas), is home to 11 million people, and currently relies on nuclear power for 50% of its electricity

THE BIG “IF” IS: “if alternative energy sources are found to fill the gap”; Then. Belgium’s three(3) oldest reactors would be shut down in 2015.  Natural gas and coal, along with some renewable sources would provide the remainder of Belgium’s power.  According to Reuters, the ambitious nuclear shutdown is dependent on finding a reasonable source of power as a replacement;  but that, is far from guaranteed.

BELGIAN WIND-FARMS GROWING The country will more than quadruple its wind power installations by 2020, but this will still only provide 10 % of the total power needs, according to IEEE.

BELGIUM PLANNED A NUCLEAR EXIT IN 2003; However, in 2009 Belgium agreed to extend reactors’ engineered operational life-spans by 10 years;  However, this change never came into became law because the government lost power.  After the most recent decision, the shutdown will be re-accelerated dependent on finding alternative energy sources. “If it turns out we won’t face shortages, and prices would not skyrocket, we intend to stick to the nuclear exit law of 2003,” an unidentified spokeswoman for Belgium’s energy and climate Ministry said Belgium will now negotiate with investors to see how it can find new capacity to replace the 5,860 MW that would be lost if the two(2) nuclear sites at “Doel” and “Tihange” are shut.  “The government will actively look for new investors, and sites that are still unused to see what can be done”.

WHO/WHERE IS BELLONA? “The Bellona Foundation” is an international environmental Non Governmental Organization (NGO)based in Norway.  Founded in 1986 as a “direct action protest group”, Bellona has become a recognized technology and solution-oriented organization with offices in Oslo, BRUSSELS BELGIUM, Washington D.C., St. Petersburg and Murmansk. Altogether, some 75 engineers, ecologists, nuclear physicists, economists, lawyers, political scientists, and journalists work at Bellona.  NOW THEN, Bellona’s executive director, and nuclear physicist Nils Bøhmer said: “This is could indeed be good news…First of all this is a “conditional closure”, meaning that Belgium will need to invest substantially in developing renewable energy sources…However, Belgium must take care not to go the way of Sweden, which as the result of a 1980 referendum instituted a nuclear phase out by 2010. That was dashed in 2009, when the Swedish government agreed to allow old nuclear power reactors to be replaced, ending the “phase-out” policy. Chief among the motivating factors behind this, was that Sweden had not sufficiently developed its renewable energy capacity”,  Bøhmer advocates that if fossil fuels should replace nuclear energy in Belgium, “carbon capture and storage” technology (NON-EXISTENT YET) be deployed so that a nuclear shutdown does not lead to increased emissions of carbon dioxide.  SOUNDS LIKE WISHFUL THINKING.

SO THE STORY GOES…

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MY TAKE

BELGIUM WAS DIVIDED BEFORE, AND AFTER WWII.  Belgium is very strategically located in Europe. France to its south, Netherlands to the north, and Germany to the east.  It was mostly on its soil that the WWII  “Battle of the Bulge” was fought (mainly by American troops) during Dec 1944.  It main port city of Antwerp was the objective of the German Nazi troops.  They lost their last conquest gambit there; That, is probably why Belgium conjures famous battle names like Liege, and Bastogne.  After WWII (1945), Antwerp with its undamaged port, became the preferred port of entry for European reconstruction goods; so, Belgium recuperated economically very quickly: However, soon, its deeply-rooted North( Nationalistic Flanders), and South( Pro-Monarchic Wallonia) CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC SEPARATISM began to affect the well-being of the common. Perhaps because of that separatism, Belgium has repeatedly proven itself to be among the MOST UNRELIABLE OF ALLIES. Unfortunately Belgium is still deeply divided, along the same lines, and has been without a government for over a year.  Many Belgians brag: “we do better without a government”  It is true there are many dysfunctional governments all over the world – but that is another story.

BLOOD DIAMONDS – A BELGIAN SHAME-  In 2001 the Belgian mining marketing town of Antwerp had continued to buy diamonds from the “rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)”, according to a secret report released by the General Intelligence Service, the sale had continued despite the institution of a certificate of origin for diamonds originating from the civil war torn Angola. Over 90 % of the raw diamonds extracted in various parts of the world are sold in Antwerp, while over 50 % of the world’s cut diamonds pass through the Antwerp market.  Strange how that in the Netherlands, as in Belgium, the notion persists that: “ what is good for commerce, is good for the people”.  Such thinking has been proven globally to be socially and morally circumspect and reprehensible.

BELGIUM – A COUNTRY “WITHOUT A GOVERNMENT” Now for over a year; so King Albert had to appoint and accept the resignation of one go-between after another, as the major parties refused to move far from their pre-election position. It is a process which continues to this day. The chances of success for the current negotiator, caretaker Finance Minister Didier Reynders, are seen as slim as the specter of new elections to break the deadlock are looming.  AND NOW, THE COALITION GOVERNMENT WANTS TO ABANDON NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS – FAT CHANCE!  THAT, IS THE REASON THE INITIATIVE IS CALLED A “CONDITIONAL AGREEMENT” BURDENED WITH  CONDITIONS THAT CANNOT MET WITH THEIR DEMONSTRATED HISTORICAL FRAME OF MIND.    

EUROPEAN ANTI-NUCLEAR “DOMINO EFFECT” IS EVIDENT Germany will shut down its nuclear power stations (now proving 28 % of the country’s power) by 2022.  Switzerland has said it will follow suit in 2035, shutting down its five(5) nuclear power plants which contribute to 40 % of the countries electricity.  Now Italy, which never had a nuclear program, turned out in force this summer(2011) for a referendum declaring that the country will never pursue a nuclear power.  Unfortunately Belgium will not, in my opinion, follow suit.  They never seem to. 

gonzedo

P.S. There is a significant number of reads in Great Britain, and in Denmark.  Wonder why?

 

November 8, 2011 at 12:26 AM Comments (30)

MEXICO CANCELS PLANS TO BUILD 10 NEW NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

Thanks to Bloomberg, 02 Nov. 2011.
03 Nov 2011

MEXICO RETHINKS ITS ENERGY STRATEGY Mexico (one of three (3) Latin American nations that uses nuclear power), is abandoning plans to build as many as 10 new Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), and will shift its plans to greater reliance on Natural gas(nat gas)-fired thermoelectric power plants after large, new discoveries of nat gas in Mexican territories.  Mexico’s State-owned Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) has found evidence of trillions of cubic feet of gas in the past year; So, its Energy Minister, Jordy Herrera said on 01 Nov 2011: “Mexico is changing all its decisions, amid the very abundant existence of natural-gas deposits…and now prefers gas for cost reasons… will seek private investment of about $10 billion during five(5) years to expand its natural gas pipeline network”

HERRERA’S  ENERGY STRATEGY PLAN RELIES ON NAT-GAS.  Mexico’s Energy Ministry plans to update the nation’s long-term strategic plan to reflect the increased importance of natural gas.  Minister Herrera said in a report due in the first quarter of 2012: “Until we find a model to make renewable energy more profitable, gas is more convenient” Herrera who was appointed energy minister on  09 Sep 2011 added: “The country (Mexico) has very high potential to develop renewable energy…But the renewable energy world is hurt by the cheap gas prices, and the government has to consider how much it can spend to promote alternative energy sources”.

FORMER MINISTER WANTED NUCLEAR POWER DEVELOPMENT Herrera’s comments are a vast departure from former Energy Minister Georgina Kessel, who had said nuclear energy would help achieve President Felipe Calderon’s pledge to generate at least 35 % of the country’s energy from so-called “clean sources” had said only last year: “I’m convinced that in the medium, and long-term, increasing nuclear capacity is the path that should be followed”  NOW, SHE HAS BEEN REPLACED;  SUCH IS LIFE, SHE WAS GASSED-OUT.

VAST NEW NAT GAS RESERVES FOUND. Mexico is boosting its estimated nat gas reserves after PEMEX discovered new deposits in deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, and also in shale deposits in the state of Coahuila (border with the USA).  Estimates in Coahuila alone, are as much as 300 trillion cubic feet of  nat gas according to Carlos Morales last 27 Oct 2011.

MEXICO’S STATE-OWNED POWER UTILITY also had been considering nuclear power as part of plans to boost generating capacity from 50 Gigawatts (Gw) to 86 Gw within 15 years, but will now will need to change its plans. Mexico’s State-ownedComision Federal de Electricidad (CFE)”, is Latin America’s largest utility (by revenue), plans to invest $66.3 billion Pesos (US $4.9 billion) in 2011, and $90.4 billion Pesos in 201; mainly in plant generation, according to the company’s website.  CFE, is investing in the construction of six(6) new plants using fossil fuels (we assume nat-gas burners) to improve capacity and efficiency, and is reconfiguring other facilities to replace the use of other (dirtier) fuels with nat-gas. While nat gas produces roughly half the amount carbon dioxide produced by coal.  Nuclear Power plants, of course, do not produce carbon dioxide, soot, mercury, etc, but have other long-lived Transuranics to poison entire regions.  Remember Fukushima? – As if anyone could forget!

AMERICAN ECONOMIST APPLAUDS MEXICO’S DECISION.  James Williams, an American economist at “WTRG Economics” an energy research firm in Arkansas said: “This is a very good decision by the Mexican government…With a power generation project based on gas…you can build multiple plants at a much lower cost, and much faster pace, than a nuclear facility”  THAT IS IT IN A NUT SHELL!

USA SHALE NAT-GAS PROMISES MUCH LOWER ENERGY COSTS.  Shale gas production has increased by an average of 48 % per year from 2006 to 2010, according to the Energy Department in Washington. Output will rise almost threefold from 2009 to 2035, the department predicted in its Annual Energy Outlook release on April 26.  Much greater nat gas availability  has meant much lower prices.  Gas futures, which traded as high as $13.69 per million British thermal units(BTUs) in July 2008, dropped to as low as $3.48 in Oct 2011.

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We exhort you to read our article listed under RECENT ARTICLES column, and titled: IS DRILL, BABY DRILL, THE ANSWER??…. PERHAPS FOR A WHILE.

MY TAKE

MEXICO’S PLANS ARE NOT A “SLAM-DUNK” at least financially. They are doing the “unthinkable” since the petroleum industry was “nationalized” in 1936; that is, “seeking private investment”  Mexico appears to be soliciting foreign venture capital to carry out their new gas infrastructure development(pipelines), as well as to build the power plants; PROBLEM IS: MEXICO IS GLOBALLY SEEN AS A HIGH RISK VENTURE FOR MANY REASONS, AND THE MONEY BOYS ARE VERY ADVERSE TO HIGH RISK PROPOSITIONS.

NATURAL GAS OVERLOOKED TODAY.  It is bothersome, that despite all the immediate advantages offered by nat gas as a generating fuel, and its new found abundance, it is not given the consideration it deserves as a “cleaner fuel” to serve humanity, at least while better, affordable “clean energy sources” are developed.  Nat gas burns much more cleanly than any kind of coal, and retrofitting older plants to burn nat gas, is much quicker, and costs less, than many other alternatives.  That is why San Antonio used it for nearly 100 years.

LOCALLY, IN SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS,  I have once and again urged our San Antonio Public Service (CPS) Energy to consider retrofitting our Dirty Dilley power plants to burn nat gas. These very old plants continue to be extremely “Dirty” in Mercury and other airborne contaminants.  It is a as though our CPS Board of Trustees hears from the CPS Energy Gen Mgr/CEO, Mr. Doyle Beneby only what it wants to hear.  Problem is Beneby has shown no corporate vision, and no real sense of leadership, at this time of fast global change. WE HAVE THE BLIND, LEADING THE BLIND AND AS HAPPY AS CAN BE!  THIS IS NO BOARD!- IT IS A CLUB.  Someday the people of San Antonio, Texas will have to face the results of their lack of strategic planning, and managerial ineptitude.  Yes, that includes Mayor Castro who is a member of the board.  GENERATING CAPACITY DOES NOT HAPPEN OVERNIGHT.  IT MUST BE PLANNED WAY IN ADVANCE OF NEED.

gonzedo

 

November 3, 2011 at 1:05 AM Comments (0)

BULGARIA TO “BITE THE BULLET” AND TELL RUSSIA “THANKS, BUT NO THANKS”

27 Oct 2011

In Bulgaria, the European Union (EU)’s poorest member, faces a seemingly impossible task to finish the 2,000 Megawatt (twin reactor), Russian-designed Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), in Belene, Bulgaria.  The lessons of the Fukushima Dai No.1 triple meltdown on 12 Mar 2011, have caused Bulgarians to reassess the 30 year-old Russian NPP design planned there.  Russia’s Rosatom wants an extra $2.1 billion Euros now, for a total of 6.1 Billion Euros, that they say would be needed for improved safety measures, and insurance.

BULGARIAN STUDY CENTERS  Such as “Balkans and Black Sea Studies Center”- A Sofia Research Group agree the project is practically on “life support”… Separately another Bulgarian, Ilian Vassilev, former Chairman of a Consulting firm from Deloitte, Bulgaria, said: “With additional billions of Euros in debt, it (the NPP) will never take off”.  All seem to agree that no one would lend Bulgaria enough money to complete the project, except for the main contractor, Russian state-run Rosatom Corp. The findings by Bulgarian study centers may give the Bulgarian government the arguments it needs to “bite the bullet”, and cancel the Belene NPP without upsetting Russia, its chief supplier of oil and natural gas. Mark Hibbs, an analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Berlin, said on 22 Oct 2011: “Some observers in the nuclear financing and nuclear project management field believe that the present Bulgarian government would prefer to walk away from this project.” – IF ONLY THEY COULD DO SO GRACEFULLY.

SEVERAL EUROPEAN NATIONS HAVE ABANDONED NUCLEAR AMBITIONS.  Germany canceled license extensions, shut down some of its oldest reactors, and ordered the rest closed by 2022. Swiss lawmakers approved phasing out five (5) plants by 2034. Italy permanently banned atomic power, and there are many worldwide movements against any further NPP involvement, notably in India, and soon in Great Britain.

EARTHQUAKE PRONE AREAS WILL BE RECONSIDERED. The Fukushima tragedy has triggered safety probes across Europe, and the world;  jeopardizing potential returns on investment (ROI), and scaring potential investors away from the Belene NPP project. European nations plan to publish conclusions of stress tests for their existing NPPs by the end of 2011.  Their findings, and new seismological science findings, will likely accentuate the consideration of added safeguards against earthquake damage, specially in areas known to be near geological fault areas.  Such findings should be used to preclude any new NPP in such quake-prone areas.  Prudence dictates so.

A FEW BULGARIANS STILL WANT THE BELENE NPP BUILT.  Sergei Stanishev, a former Prime Minister, and leader of the opposition Bulgarian Socialist Party, told reporters last week in Sofia: “Bulgaria needs new nuclear capacity, and a project like Belene will guarantee the country’s energy security…the longer the government puts off the decision, the higher will be the cost.”  Meanwhile, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boiko Borissov’s 27 month-old government (that  inherited the project from a Socialist-led Administration), is reviewing whether it can successfully complete Belene NPP, and salvage its investment, or cancel it, and gain more independence from Russia, Bulgaria’s traditional economic partner.  SUCH ARE THE HORNS OF THE DILEMMA AREN’T THEY?

MOST BULGARIANS OPPOSE THE BELENE NPP PROJECT.  Prominent Mr. Minchev opposes the project because the government chose the Russian supplier in 2005 without any regard for fair competition. The reactor design is obsolete, the costs are running out of control, and the project is making Bulgaria even more dependent on Russia for energy supplies  HE IS A MAN WHO “ TELLS IT LIKE IT IS” Minchev adds: “This project was developed without any consideration for our national interest, or the broader political and strategic interests of our European allies…The nuclear reactors proposed were developed 20 years ago (old technology). Why are we buying them?”.  GOOD QUESTION!  ANSWER: JUST BECAUSE!  The proposed pressurized-water reactors already licensed by Russia, would be installed 14 kilometers (9 miles) from a village where more than 100 people died in a 7.2-level earthquake in 1977; whose epicenter was in Romania. Even so, the site was declared safe by the Bulgarian nuclear regulator and approved by the European Union in 2008.  Bulgaria owns 51 % of the Belene NPP Project (Just a hole in the ground), and has spent about $2 billion so far, including  site preparation, safety studies, greasing palms for governmental approvals, and all in the expectation of buying obsolete reactors that no longer suit the times, or the need.  2 BILLION EUROS, THAT IS ABOUT PAR FOR “UPFRONT MONEY” REQUIRED BY NPP MAKERS SUCH AS JAPAN RUSSIA, AND FRANCE. THEIR “LIFETIME SERVICES” CONTRACTS ARE ALSO ALIKE.  

ROSATOM (MinAtom) IS A RUSSIAN STATE-OWNED CORPORATION established on January 29, 1992 as a successor of the Ministry of Nuclear Engineering and Industry of the USSR. It was reorganized as the “Russian Federal Agency on Atomic Energy” on 09 Mar 2004, and  transformed to a State corporation;  Passed into the law, by the Russian Parliament on Nov 2007;  and signed by President Putin in early Dec, 2007.  Rosatom, currently sells nuclear fuel for Bulgaria’s only existing atomic plant at Kozloduy.  SEE THERE, RUSSIANS DON’T JUST BUILD NPPs, THEY WANT A CONTRACT TO SUPPLY THEM FOR LIFE. 

ROSATOM HAS TRIED HARD, but there are currently no investors to keep the “Belene NPP” project alive. The Russian Nuclear Services Company offered to finance the entire project, if the contract can be renegotiated by Mar. 2012.  Rosatom spokesman Sergei Novikov said: “The only chance for the Belene NPP to happen, is with Russian government-backed credit as a politically motivated investment”.  And besides…Bulgarians can’t afford high energy prices. Premier Borissov has said he’d welcome an opportunity to sell part of the Bulgarian government’s stake to a “strategic European investor”;  However, there are no potential serious buyers in the horizon.  In London, Stephen Tarlton, an analyst at the trade group “World Nuclear Association” said: “Given the high degree of political risk, it would be a highly risky project to be involved in”.  Tarlton wouldn’t speculate on whether the Belene NPP gets built.  HMM! – NOBODY LIKES THE PROPOSITION – SO, LET IT DIE!

RUSSIA’S ROSATOM PEEVED WITH BULGARIAN FOOT DRAGGING. Rosatom has inflated the initial price tag of 4 billion Euros to 6.3 billion Euros, blaming delays caused by the Bulgarian side. Bulgarians said they weren’t willing to pay more than 5 billion Euros.  Sergei Kiriyenko, CEO of Rosatom (the Russian contractor), said: We understand that the new government wants a fresh start, another analysis, another feasibility study…But the longer we wait without making any decision the less profitable it gets…If the two companies find a solution good…If not, the matter will go to court. Today we see Belene as a profitable project, and we are ready to invest in it…Our investment offer has its limits.” 

BULGARIAN NUCLEAR REGULATOR SAYS: Regulator’s chairman Sergey Tzotchev said in an interview. “There are NO operating reactors with this exact design…We need more time to see everything, to discuss everything.”… HMM!, SURE SOUNDS LIKE the USA-NRC.  Perhaps it is just a case of “greased – palmitis” in such commissions, do you think?   WE DO KNOW FOOT-DRAGGING MEANS: LATER, ALIGATOR! ; SO ROSATOM MUST KNOW IT TOO. 

BULGARIA TO DECIDE BY MAR 2012 Even though costs to complete the Belene NPP project have not been published, nor the terms of the contract between Bulgarian utility NEK and  Rosatom.  Rosatom, on July 2011 turned to the International Court of Arbitration in Paris, claiming 58 million Euros for “delayed construction payments”. Bulgaria, in turn filed a 61 million-euro counter-claim for unpaid purchases of old equipment to the Court of Arbitration in Geneva.  ITS “NO-GO” The NEK and the prime minister’s office referred calls to Bulgarian Energy Minister Traicho Traikov, who has said the government will make a final decision after running EU-compliant stress tests and having the project’s viability assessed. The government won´t move until the March 2012 deadline for negotiations with Rosatom; he said: “I don’t really believe that this project will go forward under the conditions which the previous government agreed-to with its Russian partners”

Thanks to Bloomberg 26 Oct 2011, for quotations.

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MY COMMENT

It is clear to see Bulgaria also “has seen the light” about NPPs, and about dealing with Russia’s state-owned Rosatom.  THEY JUST WANT OUT OF THE DEAL! – just like the people of India.  Their concern appears to be how to say: Sorry, but we just don’t want these NPPs anymore; without upsetting their political relations with their longtime ally, Russia; To that end, Bulgaria appears ready to “bite the bullet” and write-off  2.1 Billion Euros to experience.  Let us remember that in southern India,  the Kudankulam NPP  located in Tirunelveli, will probably cost India $20 Billion to quash, even before they hatch – We’ll see.

gonzedo

October 27, 2011 at 9:53 AM Comments (0)

INDIA – A NEW COLONY OF RUSSIA? ITS THIRST FOR ENERGY COULD MAKE IT SO.

21 Oct 2011

DURING THE BRITISH COLONIAL PERIOD(1858 to 1918), the people of India found that in return for a stable government, they were required to subordinate themselves to a foreign power. This meant (among other things) that they had to sell their raw product(industrial goods) to the British at their prices; and worse yet, to buy all finished goods exclusively from them (at their prices); in addition to providing 600,000 soldiers to defend British interests worldwide.  Unfortunately, the Indian “caste system” resonated well with Monarchic British “class separation” views, and so an uneasy bond was created in which most Indians subordinated themselves to the British (with consequential/growing resentment), eventually culminating in a forced British withdrawal from India, and its affairs in 1918.

MODERN INDIA IS A COLORFUL MIXTURE OF THE OLD AND THE NEW.  To better understand Countries like India, it is necessary to look at its present needs/aspirations, as well as its political and economical climate. India is the world’s second most populous country, and like China, it is an economically, and educationally rapidly ascending country, struggling mightily to overcome its infrastructure deficiencies in  potable water, and energy delivery;  However, there persist great needs for sanitary human waste-water treatment facilities, and even a notable lack of sanitary toilets for the greater part of its population. Its politics and economic ascendancy ambitions are perceived as highly dependent upon its apparently insatiable need for energy;  This is so, because like it or not, energy is central to satisfying human needs, sanitation, hygiene, and comfort. Let us first look at India’s politics as an instrument for modernization, specially in a country with such a rich and diverse cultural heritage.

POLITICALLY, INDIA IS A REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY AND A REPUBLIC with an Upper and a Lower chamber, and with two(2) prominent parties;  So, it follows the same political framework/guidelines as the USA, and many other democratic republics.  INDIA’S GOVERNMENT (from Wikipedia) is officially known as the “Union Government”, also as the “Central Government”,  was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven(union) Territories, collectively called the Republic of India. Its capital is New Delhi. The Central government comprises three (3)branches: the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary.
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH is headed by the President (the Head of State), and exercises power directly, or through subordinate officers.
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (the Parliament) consists of the “lower house” (The Lok Sabha) and the upper house(The Rajya Sabha), as well as the President.
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH has the Supreme Court at its apex, 21 High Courts, and numerous Civil, Criminal and Family courts at the District level. The legal system as applicable to the federal and individual state governments is based on the “English Common” and, The basic Civil and Criminal Laws governing the citizens of India, as set down by major parliamentary legislation, such as the Civil Procedure Code, the Indian Penal Code, and the Criminal Procedure Code. Both the Central, and individual State governments consist of Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches.

INDIA’S DEMOCRATIC PARTYThe “Indian National Congress (INC)” Party, commonly known as “The Congress” is one of the two(2) major political parties in India, the other being the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It is the largest and the oldest(1885) democratic political party in India. The party’s “modern liberal platform” is largely considered “center-left” in the Indian political spectrum.  The INC party became the leader of the Indian Independence Movement in its struggle against British rule in India. After independence in 1947, it became the nation’s dominant political party, led by the Nehru-Gandhi family for the most part; In the 2009 general elections, the INC emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha, with 205 of its candidates getting elected to the 543-member house. Consequently it, along with a coalition of allies, formed a coalition with the “United Progressive Alliance (UPA), was able to gain a majority and form the government. The INC’s platform is very similar to that of the USA’s – Democratic Party.

INDIA’S GOP – The Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) – Indian People’s Party; established in 1980, is India’s second largest political party in terms of representation in the parliament. The BJP traditionally has supported “Indian Nationalism” and strongly advocates conservative social policies, self-reliance, “Free-Market Capitalistic” policy.  Its foreign policy is driven by a nationalist agenda, and strong national defense. The BJP’s Political platform is generally considered “Right of Center” in the Indian political spectrum.  India’s BJP platform is very similar to the USA’s – Republican (GOP) Strange how in the Ying/Yang of modern democracies, the “conservatives” wish to conserve their gains, while “liberals” wish to “spread the wealth” more uniformly among its citizens; hence, their political polarization.

SO MUCH FOR INDIA’S MODERN BACKGROUND…

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NOW THEN, REEL FORWARD TO 2001. Having a contractual, or political agreement, that gives a foreign country exclusivity in providing technology and nuclear fuels for the life of a Nuclear Power Plant(NPP), constitutes a “colonial like” dependency which may not be broken. Such is the case with Russian Nuclear Technology to create, and support NPPs in several countries of the world.  Case in point: Please refer to our 16 Sep 2011 article titled: IN INDIA, ANTI NUKE DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST A SIX NUKE “ENERGY PARK”

ANTI-NUCLEAR DEMONSTRATION IN INDIA’S SOUTH-MOST STATE. A massive public demonstration spearheaded by various religious and anti-nuclear activists, protested against the 1000 Megawatt (MW) “Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP)” located in Tirunelveli, India. The plant is one of two(2) being built (next to each other) on the site, by the “Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL)”. The first Nuclear Power Plant is expected to go start producing commercial electricity in Oct 2011(next month) offering some relief to the power starved Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The second unit of KNPP will start providing power to the national grid in June 2112. Hectic activities are underway at the plants for the timely commissioning of the first two (2) plants; However, an additional four(4) NPP are planned on the same site.

THE RUSSIAN DESIGNED NPPs were built under technical collaboration with Russia (But have not yet been activated). The Russian government has expressed its willingness to help India build four (4) more reactors of 1200 MW each at the Tirunelveli site, which would then be converted into an “energy park”.

INDIA’S ACADEMIA LIKES THE PROJECT. Prof AJA, Ranjit Singh, principal, Sri Parama Kalyani, College of environmental Science, said there is something suspicious about the way the agitation has been organized. Dr Anil Kakodkar, former chairman, Department of Atomic Energy, said that the KNPP would be the safest of all nuclear reactors in the world (naturally). NOTHING IS SAID ABOUT THE TYPE OF REACTORS USED, BUT GEN-II, BWRs are a good bet.
From a DNA 14 Sep 2011 article

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MY TAKE

It is now clear, the Nuclear Industry follows the same Modus Operandi (MO) worldwide. Japan was the first to recognize the desirability of exporting technology only with a binding contract to grant them exclusive rights to maintain the NPPs for life, and to provide the specially shaped, and coated uranium fuel pellets to be used (also for the life of the unit).  It is clear Russia has also welcomed “a piece of the action” in India 2001… HERE IS HOW THEY NORMALLY DO IT:

No. 1. The Indian Stakeholders(An “Anonymous Society” or SA) colluded with the Local authorities for permits to carry out their plans, even without consulting with the locals.  Remember these folks were making an initial investment of about $10 billion(per power plant); so “greasing palms” with a few $ millions (and the promise of more to come), made permit acquisition faster/easier.  BUT FOLKS: THAT IS CALLED GRAFT AND CORRUPTION AT ALL GOVERNMENT LEVELS.  That is the way in which the Nuclear Industry corrupts our societies and bends our politics out of shape worldwide.

No. 2. They sought and obtained engineering, technical, and other logistical support from Russia(we do not know the details, because they are a corporate secret, but The Russian technology exchange would probably include life-long monopoly on nuclear fuel provisioning, and “technical support” for the life of the NPP…You see, that way NPPs become: “The gift that keeps on giving”.  It must be made clear that the Russian Government was involved only in “Permit Granting”, and that it was a Russian free-market Nuclear Industry, that was working with the Indian stakeholders.  Such a deal is precisely what the Premier Japanese Nuclear Industry was contemplating to sell the world (Until 12 March 2011).

No. 3. They got Academia to agree to say how great this project would be (if faced with opposition as it is now).  We are talking of bribing a few prominent national scientists to “sing their song”.  Scientist can be very subtle, and even persuasive liars, when it fits their financial interests.

No. 4.  Finally, they paid-off the press for “good coverage”.  They continue to do so by buying lots of publicity, at unknown prices, as a way to “launder” their contributions.  HOW SWEET IT IS! – India’s press is clearly, and unabashedly biased pro-Nuclear Energy.

NOT SO FAST! Everybody involved was economically set-up for life, after all the stakeholders are very generous, but then… on 12 March 2011 Fukushima exploded in their faces; FUKUSHIMA CHANGED EVERYTHING FOR THE URANIUM NUCLEAR INDUSTRY WORLDWIDE! – THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY IS NOW IN A STEEP DIVE.

NIMBY! Now that the people of Tirunelvely, India have had the chance to see, and read about the demise of Japan and its Fukushima Dai No.1 NPP complex, and everyone says: NOT IN MY BACK-YARD(NIMBY), AND RIGHTLY SO!. That is exactly what the demonstrators are trying to tell the NPP builders.

The people of Tirumelvely are not alone in their concern. India’s “THE PIONEER” reported on 09 OCTOBER 2011, that The Kudankulam NPP is not an issue confined to the Tamil Nadu boundaries anymore.  Protesters are also fuming in Kerala against the Central(government)s decision to go ahead with the project.  Scientists and environmentalists are pointing out that Kerala is bound to suffer tragedies if any eventuality occurs at the Kundakulam NPP, and that close to a quarter of the Kerala population will suffer in the case of a serious accident at the Kudankulam NPP facility as five(5) densely populated districts come within a radius of 200 km – the minimum (estimated)aerial distance fallout can reach; In this sense.  Keralites say they need to be as concerned about the  Kudankulam NPP, as the people of Tamil Nadu are,” said an office-bearer of the “Solidarity Council” which supports the anti-nuclear protests at Idinthakarai in Tamil Nadu. The council had taken out a vehicle march to Idinthakarai last week, to declare solidarity with the protestors there.

Protestors in Kerala want their State Government to take a stand on the Kudankulam NPP as the Tamil Nadu Government has done. Their concern is that in case of a nuclear accident at the Kudankulam NPP, the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta, districts of Kerala could be directly affected. Radiation carried by winds could affect Idukki and Kottayam districts as well.
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MY CONCERNS

The residents of all areas adjacent to the Kundakulum NPP (and follow-on four(4) more NPPs euphemistically called an “ENERGY PARK”), are understandingly alarmed about their presence in their “Backyard”, and have every right to say NIMBY! They look to the Fukushima Dai No.1 unfolding triple-meltdown tragedy, and see their future likewise threatened by the Kundakulum NPP plans approved by their Central government.  The Central government is showing signs of “back-pedaling” on the project, and now have expressed concern for the financial loss faced by the “Stakeholders”.  Does this mean the Central government would bail them out to stop the project dead ? We are talking about $20 Billions; It could happen!  And yet, please consider my greatest concern, particularly for the people of India, and their still fresh experience with Colonization by foreign powers.

INDIA COULD BECOME A NEW COLONY OF RUSSIA. ITS ENERGY THIRST COULD MAKE IT SO.  It may be a very worrisome revelation to most ant-nuclear groups in India, that accepting Russian Technology under such terms (see MY TAKE item no. 2) makes India a “Colony” of Russia; After all, Russia could “pull the switch off” at any time. A modern refinement of their former British Colony Times.  What would M.K. Gandhi say about it ?… Probably: “I would rather do without it”.  Just like British loomed cloth and salt; THE SAME CONCERNS APPLY TO OTHER ON-GOING NPP PROJECTS IN COLLABORATION WITH FRANCE’S “AREVA”.  Beware of strangers bearing gifts! Look for strings attached.

gonzedo

P. S.  I apologize for suspending the “Comments” column.  We were being bombarded by “Robot” and other Spammers. You may e-mail me from the Google Reader, my profile if you wish.

October 22, 2011 at 5:11 PM Comment (1)

IAEA CONCLUDES ITS 2ND VISIT TO JAPAN WITH NO REMEDIATION RECOMMENDATIONS

14 October 2011 (IAEA Press Release 2011/21)

INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA -Headquartered in Vienna, Austria)  Its team of international experts completed on 14 Oct 2011, its second preliminary assessment of the strategy and plans being considered by the Japanese authorities to remediate the areas off-site of the Fukushima Dai-No.1 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) reported to have elevated levels of radiation.

IAEA dispatched the remediation mission to Japan on 07 Oct 2011 at the request of the Japanese Central Government. The mission, comprised of 12 International and IAEA experts from several countries, visited numerous locations in the Fukushima Prefecture, and conducted meetings in both Tokyo and Fukushima, with Japanese officials from several Ministries and institutions.

IAEA REMEDIATION TEAM LEADER Mr. Juan Carlos Lentijo, from Spain’s nuclear regulatory authority said: “The meetings held, and visits made by the team over the last eight days, gave us a first-hand appreciation of the extraordinary efforts and dedication on the part of Japanese people in their effort to remediate the areas affected by elevated levels of radiation in the Fukushima Prefecture…As Japan continues its current remediation efforts, it is our belief that this work will bring relief to the populations who are affected by the consequences of the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant…the team also appreciates the openness with which our discussions were conducted, and the high level of cooperation and access we were granted by Japan…This was, and is, an invaluable opportunity for us(IAEA) to learn from this important decontamination initiative. We would like to continue our support to Japan in this very challenging task. We look forward to sharing our findings with the international community.”

IAEA PRELIMINARY SUMMARY REPORT was delivered to Japanese authorities 14 Oct 2011.  The team prepared a set of conclusions including, though not limited to, the following:

 SUMMARY REPORT 14 OCT 2011

1. Financial and technological resources to bring relief to the people affected by the accident, with priority being given to children. The Team was impressed with the strong commitment to the remediation effort from all institutions and parties involved, including (SPECIALLY) the public.

MY TAKE:

The report IMPLIES That IAEA will provide financial and Technological support to Japan.  THIS IS PROBABLY NOT TRUE, no such aid has been solicited to, or approved by the IAEA General Assembly; therefore is not quantifiable – SO SORRY MR “Pie-in the sky” Mr. Hosono.  After that junket to Vienna! – Well, maybe he saw a concert or two there.  THE SECOND SENTENCE  was a well deserved “Ata’-Boy” (praise) for the people of Japan who MUST endure and persevere…but as bureaucrats say often say: “ Remember, just one “OH-SHIT”, can wipe out 50 “Ata – Boys”

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2. Japan has also taken practical measures to inform the public, and involve residents and local institutions in the process of defining its remediation strategy

MY TAKE:

OH-REALLY ? – Tell that to the Japanese people if you want to get a laugh.

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3. Japan is advised to avoid classifying removed materials that do not warrant special radiation protection measures as “radioactive waste”.  (such signs should state: DANGER! – KEEP AWAY!)

MY TAKE:

THIS ADVICE SOUNDS ERRONEOUS, AND AIMED AT PLACATING THE NATIVES.  In other words, if you can’t smell It, or taste it, and you can’t see it (glow) don’t sweat it! – LIKE HELL!  Those living there, know better -They have to, in order to survive and maintain health.  Notice no quantifiable advice is given, as to what radioactivity level should warrant such “classification”. Truth be told, even IAEA does not know!

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4. Japan is advised to consider explaining to the public the importance of focusing on radiation doses that may actually be received by people, rather than on data indicating contamination levels.

MY TAKE:

It is difficult to understand the meaning of such advice.  Frankly,  it sounds like that the government of Japan should consider asking its people to ignore the dangers from the ever-growing “Plume” of radiation, and its tell-tale high readings; If it further means, that Japan needs better PR to assuage the public not to worry about contamination radiation readings, and only about what they come into contact with; question is, how can people tell the difference ? – SUCH ADVICE IS BULLSHIT! 

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5. Japan is encouraged to continue its remediation efforts In doing so, Japan is encouraged to take into account the advice provided by the Mission. (WHATEVER THAT WAS -WE STILL HAVE NOT READ ABOUT THE IAEA’s RECOMMENDED REMEDIATION  PLAN.

The IAEA stands ready to support Japan as it considers new and appropriate criteria for such activities. The authorities and local residents in Japan fully assisted the IAEA international team in its endeavor to conclude its mission successfully…The final report of the mission will be presented to the Government of Japan in the next month ONCE AGAIN THE WORLD WAITS WITH BAITED BREATH FOR ADVICE AS TO HOW TO REMOVE, AND DISPOSE OF, RADIOACTIVE WASTE OF ALL KINDS, AND ON AIR, SEA, AND LAND.  We think IAEA has no solution, because there is none!  Recall this was billed as: “A Remediation recommendations visit”

SUPPOSEDLY, the government of Japan has been formulating a strategy and plans to implement measures to remediate the contaminated areas.  OH- REALLY ? – Tell that to the Japanese.

THE FIRST IAEA FACT FINDING MISSION took place between 24 May and 2 June 2011, and was called: International Fact Finding Expert Mission Of The Fukushima Dai- No.1 Nuclear Power Plant Accident Following The Great East Japan Earthquake And Tsunami.

THE SECOND SUCH MISSION CONCLUDING ON 14 OCT 2011, was a “follow-up mission”, and an essential component of the IAEA’sNuclear Safety Action Plan”, approved by the IAEA Board of Governors on 03 Sep 2011, and endorsed by all 151 Member States at the recent IAEA General Conference. The “Action Plan” defines a program of work to strengthen the global nuclear safety framework.  (WONDER WHAT THAT IS ?)

MY COMMENT:

This “Plan of action” from the IAEA makes it plain that they represent the Nuclear Industry Financial Interests; not those of the peoples of Japan, or the World, for that matter. “ The Action Plan” contains no verbiage to indicate any empathy, or even compassion, for the people of Japan, and other potential victims to their Fukushima demise.  Notice that no advice is given about contamination waste removal, or its disposition and, or necessary protection measures needed to protect the health and well-being of the people who will do the “cleanup”. What is evident, is that the AEIA is covering up the real facts to mitigate damage to their huge financial interests worldwide.

IN MY VIEW  THE IAEA ARE NOT THE “NUCLEAR WATCH-DOGS” OF THE WORLD – THEY ARE THE “JUNK-YARD DOGS”, CONCERNED ONLY WITH PRESERVING THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY, AND IT’S RICH PROFITS FOR THEMSELVES AND THEIR FRIENDS, WITHOUT REGARD FOR THE REST OF OUR WORLD.  

THEIR “ACTION PLAN” IS NO REMEDIATION PLAN AT ALL!  Just a rehash of its May 2011 visit.

To read the complete statement go to the IAEA web site:  http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/2011/missiononremediation.html

gonzedo

P.S.  I am happy to tell you that we are being read in over 60 countries.  High on the Hit list are Germany, Netherlands,  Italy,  Japan, Great Britain, China, Taiwan, and many others, even in arab world countries.  Many  more people will now see the truth about the Nuclear Power Industry, and the poisons they generate.

October 15, 2011 at 12:28 AM Comments (2)

IAEA MULTI-NATIONAL 12 MEMBER EXPERT REMEDIATION TEAM ARRIVES IN TOKYO

07 OCT 2011

TEAM LEADER Juan Carlos Lentijo will lead the IAEA’s international expert mission to Tokyo on 7 October 2011. The IAEA’s international expert mission is supporting Japan in its planning to remediate the areas off-site (NEAR-BY)from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Mr. Lentijo is also the General Director for Radiation Protection at Spain’s Nuclear Regulatory authority (Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear) – COUNTERPART TO OUR NRC – ENOUGH SAID?.

A TWELVE (12) MEMBER TEAM OF EXPERTS ARRIVES IN TOKYO from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)on 07 Oct 2011, to help develop a radioactive contamination remediation plan(s), following the triple Nuke meltdown at TEPCO’s Fukushima Dai No.1 Nuclear Power Plant last 12 Mar 2011.  The IAEA nuclear remediation mission team, was requested by the Japanese Government, and plans to visit Japan from 7 to 15 October 2011 (9 days).

TEAM LEADER, MR. LENTIJO SAID  on 07 Oct 2011 :  “Japan needs to take into account IAEA international standards, as well as local circumstances, to determine the best way to remediate the contaminated sites”. THAT COULD MEAN MANY THINGS – LET’S WAIT AND SEE WHAT IT MEANS.  THE WORLD WAITS WITH BAITED BREATH TO SEE HOW TO “REMEDIATE“ THE UN-REMEDIABLE).  The Government of Japan has been formulating a strategy and plans to implement remediation measures. (SUPPOSEDLY; HOWEVER, WE DON’T TRUST MR. HOSONO’S ACUMEN, OR HIS POLITICAL WILL TO DO SO).

THE IAEA MISSION INVOLVES MEETINGS with Japanese officials in Tokyo, and trips to other locations.  Mr. Lentijo said: “When the mission concludes, the experts’ findings will be shared with the international community and the general public…At the end of the mission, a preliminary summary report will be provided to the Government of Japan and (WILL) be made publicly available,” The team is also planning to hold a Press Briefing (WITH, OR WITHOUT QUESTIONS PERMITTED? – WE’LL SEE) at the end of the Mission. The current mission is a follow-up to the Fact Finding Mission held earlier between 24 May and 2 June 2011.

The final report of the IAEA International Remediation Expert Mission will be presented to the Japanese Government in the month following the conclusion of the mission (NOT CLEAR WHEN).  WE WILL TELL YOU WHAT IS SAID, WHAT IS IMPLIED (but may not be), AND WHAT IS WITHELD – WE ARE GOOD AT READING “BETWEEN LINES”.

For the official IAEA PR release go to :  http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/2011/missionjapan071011.html

Note: ALL CAPS are comments by gonzedo”. STRANGE! WE SCOOPED ALL OTHER MEDIA WITH THIS STORY, AND STILL DID NOT MAKE THE GOOGLE NEWS.  WISH I KNEW WHAT IT TAKES TO DO THAT.  I AM PEEVED!

gonzedo

 

October 7, 2011 at 7:02 PM Comment (1)

Japan’s Fukushima Cool-Down Forecast Supported by UN Agency- REALLY?

03 Oct 2011

Bloomberg, October 03, 2011

http://news.businessweek.com/article.asp?documentKey=1376-LRRQQ91A74E901-7CDQNQHQ2STAI4D9OETFSSUU3K

Sept. 19 (Bloomberg) — Japan’s three stricken Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear reactors will be brought under control by the end of the year, a government official said in an assessment that was backed by the United Nations’ atomic agency. (THIS IS A LIE, PLAIN AND SIMPLE: IAEA IS NOT, AND HAS NEVER BEEN, A PART OF THE UNITED NATIONS. They are privileged to report to the United Nations on occasion.  In my opinion, this lie is intended to grant IAEA United Nations attributes/credibility it does not have, and has never had!  Check it out yourself at THE “INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA)” WEBSITE : CLEARLY THIS IS AN “INDEPENDENT AGENCY”; NOT CONNECTED TO THE UNITED NATIONS, AND HEADQUARTERED IN VIENNA , AUSTRIA.   http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/2011/bog260911.html

The Fukushima (Dai No.1) reactors will be brought into a state of “cold shutdown” by Dec. 31, (2011 ?)Said Goshi Hosono, Japan’s “minister in charge of the response to the nuclear crisis” today (03 Oct 2011) in Vienna (home to the 2300 staff  IAEA). The (Japanese)government and Tokyo Electric Power Co., which owns the reactors, had previously sought to cool the vessels below 100 degrees Celsius (212 Fahrenheit – the boiling point of water) by mid-January (2012 ?).  SEE THERE – MR. “PIE IN THE SKY” HOSONO WENT TO VIENNA TO TELL THE IAEA THAT ? – IN ADVANCE OF HIS VISIT TO JAPAN LATER THIS MONTH.  EVERYONE ALREADY HAD BEEN TOLD THAT;  SO, THERE MUST BE ULTERIOR MOTIVES FOR HOSONO’S VISIT TO VIENNA THAT ARE NOT REPORTED ON.

The Fukushima (Dai No.1)nuclear disaster, triggered by a March 11(2011) earthquake and tsunami, will take center stage this week at a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) 151 member countries in the Austrian capital (VIENNA). Nuclear engineers and diplomats will map out the future of atomic technology amid concerns over its safety. “The agency’s (IAEA) assessment of the situation at Fukushima Dai-Ichi is that the reactors are essentially stable,” said IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano, (WHO WAS )a Japanese diplomat before taking over the agency in 2009 (HOW CONVENIENT!). “The expectation is that the cold shutdown of all the reactors will be achieved as planned.”  BUT—WHAT ABOUT THE NUCLEAR RADIATION CLEANUP, AND DISPOSITION OF THE WASTE, MR. AMANO???

 About 20,000 families (160,000 PEOPLE) have been evacuated from around the Fukushima site. Radiation from the plant has contaminated food and animals in Japan, while radioactive plumes from the melting fuel have been detected in the U.S. and Europe.

JAPAN’S MR. Hosono met French Industry Minister Eric Besson (Heavily vested in Nuclear) and U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today. (03 OCT 2011 – THE PEOPLE OF THE USA DEMAND TO KNOW WHAT THEIR “USA SECRETARY OF ENERGY”, DR. STEVEN CHU SAID ON OUR BEHALF.  JAPAN’s MR. HOSONO SAID: Japan still needs to unload and dispose of the damaged reactor fuel and decontaminate the surrounding land…Bringing the reactors under control doesn’t mean that we will have changes in the restricted area…Radioactive soil in pockets outside the exclusion zone around the plant have reached the same level as in Chernobyl following a reactor explosion in the former Soviet Union territory 25 years ago…Fukushima may force Japan to sign treaties defining limits to compensation claims…there is a need to look into the possibility of becoming a party or concluding the convention on supplementary compensation…We should take it up as an important political agenda item.” SO SAID MR. HOSONO.

MEANWHILE BANK OF AMERICA- YEAH! THE $5/MONTH DEBIT-CARD KIND FOLKS, SAID: Radiation leaks that displaced 160,000 people may cost Tokyo Electric (TEPCO)as much as 11 trillion yen ($140 billion US) in compensation claims, Bank of America Corp. said in March 2011.

No thanks to Bloomberg for their lying propaganda on behalf of the IAEA.

Note: My comments are in high case, or in parenthesis.

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MY TAKE:

This article is, in my opinion, a prime example of Western Media disinformation, misinformation, and propaganda intended to mislead, and pacify Anti-Nuke activists worldwide.  WE WON’T BUY IT!  WE ARE NOT NEARLY AS GULLIBLE AS THEY THINK WE ARE!

I HAVE REASON TO BELIEVE THE WESTERN “FREE PRESS” IS NOT REALLY FREE. IT IS CONTROLLED BY THE AUSTRALIAN MURDOCH MEDIA MACHINE/EMPIRE AS A PROPAGANDA TOOL FOR THE POWERS OF “B”, AND TO QUASH THE REAL NUCLEAR ENERGY STORY.  I AM NOT ALONE IN THIS OPINION.  Have you read that Plutonium has been found 40km from Fukushima ?  It has, and in many places.

Clearly, high on Mr. Hosono’s agenda is providing input to the IAEA regarding CLAIM LIMITATION AND SPREADING LIABILITY AMONG IAEA MEMBERS IN CASE OF CATASTROPHIC NUKE ACCIDENT.  How would you like to have to pay part of Japan’s liabilities for their carelessness and irresponsibility ?  No Way – No How! I do not think IAEA Member states will like the idea either.

OH YEA!- THE “BIG EYE” BY IAEA IS IN THE WORKS!, AND MR. HOSONO WENT TO VIENNA TO ENSURE THE FINANCIAL INTERESTS OF THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY ARE ADEQUATELY PROTECTED.  THEIR PROBLEM IS… TOO MANY PEOPLE OF THE WORLD HAVE SEEN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY FOR WHAT IT IS:  GREEDY, UNCARING, LYING, AND CONNIVING.

gonzedo

 

October 3, 2011 at 1:38 AM Comments (11)

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