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EPA SETS NEW STDS FOR GASOLINE AND VEHICULAR ANTI-POLLUTION EQUIPMENT

5 Mar 2014
WASHINGTON, 03/03/2014: THE “TIER 3 EMISSION STANDARDS” WERE RELEASED TODAY for gasoline fueled vehicles. The Standard will also seek the production of cleaner gasoline that will significantly reduce harmful pollution, and prevent thousands of premature deaths and illnesses, while also enabling energy efficiency improvements in cars and trucks The cleaner gasoline, and vehicle standards are an important component of the administration’s national program for cleaner combusting  cars and trucks, Existing fuel efficiency standards currently in place are already saving new vehicle owners at the gas pump. The new Standards are based on extensive input from the public and a broad range of stakeholders, including public health groups, auto manufacturers, refiners, and states. Diesel fueled vehicles will be covered by a different new standard.

THE “TIER 3 STANDARDS” seek to reduce vehicular tailpipe emission pollution (smog)where people live and breathe, by reducing known harmful emissions along streets and roadways  A target reduction of 70 % in particulate matter (soot) and virtually eliminating fuel vapor emissions. Additionally, the standards will also seek to reduce vehicle emissions of toxic air pollutants, such as Sulfurous and Nitrous Oxides (NOx) emissions, and benzene by up to 30 %. The program will also reduce exposure to pollution near high traffic roads where more than 50 million people live, and work, or go to school EPAs ADMISSION OF EXISTING “RIVERS OF SMOG” ON/ NEAR HIGHWAYS AND BY-WAYS IS AN AUSPICIOUS BEGINNING.

WIN, WIN, WIN:  EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy.said:“These standards are a win for public health, a win for our environment, and a win for our pocketbooks…By working with the auto industry, health groups, and other stakeholders, we’re continuing to build on the Obama Administration’s broader clean fuels and vehicles efforts that cut carbon pollution, clean the air we breathe, and save families money at the pump.”

ESTIMATED QUANTIFICATION OF EMISSIONS The final fuel standards should reduce gasoline sulfur levels by more than 60 % – down from 30 to 10 parts per million (ppm) in 2017. Reducing sulfur in gasoline enables vehicle emission control technologies to perform more efficiently. New low-sulfur gasoline will provide significant and immediate health benefits because every gasoline-powered vehicle on the road built prior to these standards will run cleaner, thus reducing smog-forming Sulfurous and Nitrous Oxides (NOx) emissions, and sundry other pollutants. by 260,000 tons in 2018. We noted no mention was made about Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions.  When we start by burning petroleum (Hydrocarbon) products we are on the wrong track – let us hope not for long.

EPA ESTIMATED HEALTH BENEFITS: In 16 years, (by 2030), up to 2,000 premature deaths, 50,000 cases of respiratory ailments in children,(HOW ABOUT ADULTS ?) 2,200 hospital admissions and asthma-related emergency room visits, and 1.4 million lost school days, work days, and days when activities would be restricted due to air pollution on high-traffic roadways. It is estimated the average American spends more than one hour daily traveling on such roads.(THESE PROGNOSTICATIONS SEEM HIGHLY UNDERSTATED)

ESTIMATED FINANCIAL BENEFITS The final standards are expected to provide up to $13 in health benefits for every dollar spent to meet the standards, more than was estimated for the proposal. The sulfur standards will cost less than a penny per gallon of gasoline (on average) once the standards are fully in place. The vehicle standards will have an average cost of about $72 per vehicle in 2025. The Tier 3 Standards support efforts by states to reduce harmful levels of smog and soot; and aids their ability to attain and maintain science-based national ambient air quality standards to protect public health, while also providing assistance / flexibilities for small refineries, including hardship provisions and additional lead time for compliance. The final standards will quickly (?) and effectively cut harmful soot, smog and toxic emissions from (gasoline fueled) cars and trucks. The Obama Administration’s actions to improve fuel economy and reduce Green House Gases(GHG) from these same vehicles will also result in average life-time fuel savings of more than $8,000 by 2025 The fuel economy and GHG standards covering model year vehicles from 2012-2025 are projected to save American families more than $1.7 trillion in fuel costs. Total financial health-related benefits in 2030 are expected to be between $6.7 and $19 billion annually.(PRETTY BROAD RANGE -FUZZY CRYSTAL BALL ?).

CALIFORNIA, A TREND SETTER The final standards will work together with California’s clean cars and fuels program to create a “uniform nationwide vehicle emissions program” that enables automakers to sell the same vehicles in all 50 states. The standards are designed to be implemented over the same timeframe as the next phase of EPA’s national program to reduceGHG emissions from cars and light trucks beginning in model year 2017. Together, the federal and California standards will maximize reductions in GHGs, air pollutants and air toxins from cars and light trucks while providing automakers regulatory certainty, streamlining compliance, and reducing costs to consumers.

EPA EXPRESSES CONCERN ABOUT “SMALL REFINERIES” To meet the Tier 3 cleaner gasoline standards necessary to reduce tailpipe emissions and protect public health, the agency has built in flexibility and adequate time-lines for refineries to comply. For those refineries that may need it, the program would provide nearly six (6) years to meet the standards; To provide a smooth transition for refineries to produce cleaner gasoline, the program is structured to allow the industry time to plan for additional investments; Additionally, EPA will consider providing special considerations to small refineries by offering compliance assistance in cases of extreme hardship, or unforeseen circumstances.

BROAD INDUSTRY SUPPORT EXPECTED EPA conducted extensive outreach with key stakeholders throughout the development of the rule, held two public hearings in Philadelphia and Chicago, and received more than 200,000 public comments. The final standards are based on input from a broad range of groups, including state and local governments, auto manufacturers, emissions control suppliers, refiners, fuel distributors and others in the petroleum industry, renewable fuels providers, health and environmental organizations, consumer groups, labor groups and private citizens. For the official EPA release see> http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/bd4379a92ceceeac8525735900400c27/ce8984957ffefa6a85257c90004fe802!OpenDocument

NOTE: Above document was redacted from the original, in the interest of enhancing clarity and as necessary (in our opinion) to elucidate Tier 3 New Standards.

OUR TAKE AND COMMENT

The USA-EPA is saying to gasoline refineries, and new vehicle makers: You all come -,now hear! (in Texas talk) Or.What ? That is the question. We all know that to be persuasive it is sometimes necessary to “accentuate the positive” In this case, EPA has tried to quantify the benefits, and the necessity to human health for this changes to our gasoline refinery, as well as vehicular equipment but…OH WHERE, OH WHERE, DID EPA GET THEIR CRISTAL BALL ? In any event, some of the required changes can be regarded as lofty goals, others too slow in coming. It is clear that EPA is willing to “cut-slack” to some refiners (penultimate par.). but, who is a “small refinery”, or business enterprise, and who will decide if it applies? We all already know, don’t we? In all fairness, most world auto makers have contributed significantly, (under the circumstances), and are probably ready to improve their vehicular pollution controls ever more in the interest of competitiveness.

PETROLEUM REFINERIES WILL BE THE MAIN DETERRENT TO THESE NEW STANDARDS. When EPA speaks about their need for new “capital improvements” they read: “Spend more money” and folks these industrialists are exceptionally greedy, slow to change, and indifferent to the airborne , and other pollution they create. Pray say: what will they do with even more pollutants removed from the crude? What do they do now ?- As little as possible

Hell! remember the “Keystone Pipeline”travesty they are trying to impose on the USA mainland? It is no longer needed (we now have sufficient USA produced crude), and the heavy crude they offer is more like tar, more explosive, more toxic and much harder to refine. Add to this, the airborne pollution exacerbation to our Texas coast (Corpus Christi north to Beaumont TX). It is already intolerable, and adding the Keystone Tar-sands crude would produce toxins the likes of which Texas has never known. This is no exaggeration!. I resent having the USA become Canada’s (or anyone’s) gassy asshole. I trust Pres Obama will veto approval of the Keystone Pipeline. Mr. President:“The eyes of Texas are upon you” –literally. The USA EPA Admin Ms. Mc Carthy can be relied upon to do NOTHING! > http://energymaters.com/?p=1438

WE LIKE THE NEW STANDARD Tier 3 standards are a step in the right direction for the petroleum, and Automotive Industry, and should pay for their cost many fold. We certainly cannot argue with that, or the necessity for change; We further believe they will bring about many national health improvements, reduce health maintenance costs, improve national productivity, and set the USA as an example to the world of what must be done (among other energy considerations) to make a. significant contribution toward GHG reduction and our President’s Climate Action Plan.

Many emerging and heavily industrialized nations such as China, India, Indonesia, and Mexico all have experienced fist hand the noxious effects upon their population(specially in large cities) of unbridled air pollution. It is a people killer. We all need to do something – FAST

Edward Oliver Gonzalez (gonzedo)


March 5, 2014 at 1:49 AM
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