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THIS JOURNAL WILL "TELL IT LIKE IT IS" REGARDING DIFFERENT FORMS OF ENERGY AND THEIR GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS/PROBLEMS

PAKISTAN FOREGOES NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS AND PLANS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES

01 Jan 2012

SYED NAVAEED QAMAR, PAKISTAN’S MINISTER for “Water and Power” said on 30 Dec 2011, that his Ministry has completed a comprehensive plan to enhance power production, in a dramatic effort to overcome the current electricity shortage crisis. The plan includes power importation from Iran and Tajikistan, and construction of many small hydro-electrical generating plants, Solar Farms, and Wind-Farms.

SOME ELECTRICAL POWER WILL COME FROM IRAN Responding to a number of questions in the National Assembly, Naveed Qamar said 35Mw of power from Iran would be added to the system soon ; Further, Iran has agreed to give 100MW more power to Pakistan by Dec. 2012.

WIND-POWER GENERATION IS IN THE WORKS ALREADY Mr. Qamar said 10 projects of wind-power were in different stages of completion in Pakistan. A 50MW wind-energy power production project has been started in Jhampir, Pakistan;  and another eight (8) wind farms  with a total capacity of 550MW power would be initiated by June 2012.  Still another project which will produce 100MW, is expected to come on line by 2013.  More than seven(7) World-Class wind turbine manufacturers including Vestas – Denmark,  Nordex &  Seimens-Germany,  General Electric-USA,  Hyundai-Korea, plus Goldwind  and Sunec of China have offered turbines fully backed by “operation and maintenance period”.  IF THAT MEANS A “WARRANTY PERIOD”, THAT IS GOOD;  However, if that means: “EXCLUSIVE PARTS AND MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS FOR A CONTRACTUALLY SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME” – BEWARE!  THAT WOULD BE DISADVANTAGEOUS TO ANY COUNTRY WISHING FOR POLITICAL AND INDUSTRIAL INDEPENDENCE, LIKE PAKISTAN.  HERE IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENT!

HYDRO-POWER GENERATION IN WORKS According to Mr. Qamar, Hydro-power generation projects present and future, include:

1. In Khyber, Pakhtunkhwa, a 56.2MW project is in progress

2. in Punjab, Five(5)  projects with 24.04MW (total ?) capacity.

3.  At Gilgit-Baltistanis, a 30MW project is in different stages of completion; Additionally, 10 small hydro-power production projects having a total capacity to produce 142MW power are also under way.

4. In Chitral 103 micro (small) hydro-power projects having a 15MW power output  are in progress, while 250 more such projects would be launched soon;

5. Additionally, Pakistani experts have pin-pointed 25 hydro-power sites in AJK, Punjab and KPK capable of  producing a total of 284.14MW.

SOLAR-POWER GENERATION PLANNED  Mr. Qamar said the Punjab government would  produce 5MW using solar-energy, and capable of electrifying 300 villages, while 49 villages, (3,000 houses) of Sindh, would also be provided solar-power generated electricity.  IT SHOULD BE POINTED OUT THAT SOLAR-ENERGY IS ONLY AVAILABLE “WHILE THE SUN SHINES”;  AND THAT, MAY NECESSITATE HOUSEHOLDS TO HAVE BATTERIES FOR NIGHTTIME ILLUMINATION.  So far eight(8) letters of interest (Requests for Proposal ?) have been issued to Independent Power Providers (IPPs) for producing 211MW of solar power.

ADDITIONAL ELECTRICAL POWER IMPORTED FROM ABROAD ? Feasibility study of 1,000MW power import from Iran has been completed while.  An additional 1,000MW power may also be imported from Tajikistan through Afghanistan, according to Mr. Qamar.  SORRY! – NO STATUS OF DISCUSSIONS, OR DATES FOR AVAILABILITY GIVEN.  2,000 MW would be equivalent to two (2) Nuclear Power Plants, and highly beneficial to Pakistan’s Industry and people; as soon as possible, if possible.  ONE PROBLEM IS, DEALING WITH IRAN CAN BE VERY DIFFICULT.  

SMALL ENERGY TARIFF INCREASE ANTICIPATED The net monthly increase in monthly energy price adjustment will  remain at Rs 0.14 Kwh, while an average increase in tariff for 2010-11 remained Rs1.07 Kwh in the country. The reasons cited by Minister Qamar was an international increase in oil prices,  and the appreciation of the US dollar, which bumped-up generation cost.

Thanks to: The Express Tribune, Islamabad Pakistan, 01 Jan 2012

http://tribune.com.pk/story/314481/minister-outlines-new-plan-to-tackle-energy-crisis/

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 MY TAKE:

First, let me congratulate the Pakistan Government for foregoing Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) development.  Recall that on 15 Nov 2011 we wrote an article titled: PAKISTAN PLANS TO PURCHASE TWO NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS FROM CHINA http://energymaters.com/?p=413.

WHILE WE ADMIRED PAKISTANI COMPETITIVE CONTRACTUAL APPROACH to NPP Purveyors (China in particular) we were of the opinion that all NPP Purveyors want to sell not just plans for an NPP, but rather a binding contract for its construction, plus logistical and technical support for the life of the NPP.  Apparently the Pakistani negotiators found China also  insistent on such conditions;  Even so, Something that was evidently not taken into consideration by Pakistani planners last November, was that NPPs take on average 10 years to build, and they need more energy now!

NATURAL GAS A BETTER OPTION We recommended that instead of NPP development, Pakistan consider creating and enhancing their Nat Gas infrastructure as a much cheaper, quicker approach to generating large amounts of energy all over Pakistan.  Many other countries of the world are doing so because Nat Gas burns much cleaner than Coal, and can be used as household fuel, etc.  One hopes this will give our world the time it needs to develop our “green energy” as best can.  Mexico too wanted to build seven (7) NPP, but recently changed its mind and decided to go Nat Gas for many reasons.  See http://energymaters.com/?p=397  Regarding the Mexican decision and reasoning, American economist at “WTRG Economics”- an energy research firm in Arkansas said: “This is a very good decision by the Mexican government…With a power generation project based on gas…you can build multiple plants at a much lower cost, and much faster pace, than a nuclear facility” THAT IS IT IN A NUT SHELL!…Not many countries are blessed with good Nat Gas reserves as Pakistan is;  However, we noticed its well laid out Ministerial plans for more energy does not include Nat Gas….

SYED NAVAEED QAMAR, PAKISTAN’S MINISTER for “Water and Power” said on 30 Dec 2011, that the Pakistani Government has completed a comprehensive plan to enhance power production, in a dramatic effort to overcome the current electricity shortage crisis. The plan includes power importation from Iran and Tajikistan, and construction of many small hydro-electrical generating plants, Solar Farms, and Wind-Farms.

MOST OF PAKISTAN’S PLANED INITIATIVES ARE DO-ABLE, and should be done ASAP;  Unfortunately, they loom insufficient to meet near and long term needs of Pakistan’s industry, and its people.  The bulwark of the planned-for energy (2,000 MW) would be imported from Iran and Tajikistan – both unreliable partners for logistical and political reasons.

Mr. Qamar is to be commended for his effort to date.  We hope for his diligent approach to make his plans a reality…Nor should Pakistan feel alone in their great effort to enhance their energy generation by non-nuclear means.  Several other countries are struggling with the same problem, in their own way.  May our creator bless their, and our own efforts everywhere!!!

HAPPY NEW YEAR EVERYONE…WE LIVE IN VERY INTERESTING TIMES!!!

 ***********2012***********

gonzedo

January 1, 2012 at 1:00 AM Comments (14)